Menstruation is the periodic discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. Hormones in the body regulate the thickening and shedding of the endometrium wall. Increase in hormones causes the wall to thicken to prepare for fertilisation. If the egg does not get fertilised, the wall sheds (which causes the blood and tissues) to leave the body. This process is called menstruation. Women usually get their first period at 11 - 12 years of age. It signals the start of puberty. During pregnancy, women will not get their periods. Menstruation ceases at around 45 - 55 years of age after menopause. It means that women will no longer be able to bear children. Irregular menstruation is more commonly experienced when girls first get their periods and when women are close to menopause.
Fellow sisters may think menstruation blood is dirty therefore will try to irrigate or insert pills into the vagina. In fact, menstruation is normal to every woman. What you need to do every month is, to keep you private part clean, change your pads (sanitary napkins) frequently, do not leave tampon inside your body for more than 8 hours and take shower as usual.
When having your period, you can still work out and it is better for you to stay in a good mood. You should not irrigate the vagina or insert pills into the vagina.
What is menorrhagia (heavy periods)?
Menorrhagia refers to unusually long or heavy menstrual bleeding:
What’s menstrual pain?
Menstrual pain refers to slight to severe lower abdominal pain prior to and during menstruation.