How to prevent cervical cancer?
The following may help prevent cervical cancer:
- Quit smoking.
- Maintain hygiene during sexual contact. Practise safe sex to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs)and to lower the risk of HPV infection.
- Have regular Pap smear test. (If your first cervical smear result is normal, you should have the second smear 1 year later. If your second smear result is also normal, you should repeat smears every 3 years. For women with multiple sex partners, it is better to have the test every year.)
- If you have any symptom (such as abnormal vaginal bleeding), you should see a doctor promptly, even if your last smear result was normal.
Currently, the most common HPV vaccination is 9-valent. Basic information is as follows:
HPV 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, 58
Indicated age and diseasesprevention caused by related HPV
From 9 years old (female or male). Can prevent cervical cancer and genital warts.
Pain, swelling, redness, itching, bruising, bleeding, a lump where you got the shot, headache, fever, nausea, dizziness, tiredness, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and sore throat.
For the 3-dose schedule, the second shot should be given 2 months after the first shot and the third shot should be given 6 months after the first shot.
HPV vaccination is not recommended for use in pregnant women.